1. Chronic diffuse bilateral kidney disease or bilateral severe kidney damage (e.g., chronic glomerulonephritis or bilateral chronic pyelonephritis) 2. Acute tubular necrosis (glomerular or tubular injury [or both] due to hypotension or shock with renal shutdown, traumatic or nontraumatic rhabdomyolysis, transfusion or allergic reactions, certain poisons, and precipitation of uric acid or sulfa crystals in […]