Articles on Medical Diseases and Conditions

Entries Tagged ‘Cryptococcus’

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Meningitis

As noted in Chapter 17, the HIV-1 (AIDS) virus may produce a mild aseptic meningitis lasting 2-3 weeks as the first clinical manifestation of infection. The exact incidence is unknown, but it is probably greater than the 2%-5% estimated in one report. The majority of patients do not manifest this stage but develop more advanced […]

Viral and Aseptic Meningitis

Viral meningitis is one component of a syndrome known as aseptic meningitis. The aseptic meningitis syndrome is now usually defined as meningitis with normal CSF glucose levels, normal or elevated protein levels, and elevated cell count with a majority of the cells being lymphocytes. A less common definition is nonbacterial meningitis; a definition no longer […]

Cryptococcal Meningitis

Cryptococcus neoformans is the most common fungus producing CNS infection and is an important, although not numerically frequent, etiology of meningitis. The organism is discussed in detail in Chapter 16. About 70% of cryptococcal meningitis cases are male, and the majority are of middle age. About one-half are associated with malignancy or other severe diseases […]