Articles on Medical Diseases and Conditions

Entries Tagged ‘Blood Transfusions’

Packed Red Blood Cells

Packed RBCs consist of refrigerated stored blood with about three fourths of the plasma removed. Packed cells help avoid the problem of overloading the patient’s blood volume and instigating pulmonary edema. This is especially useful in patients with anemias due to destruction or poor production of RBCs, when the plasma volume does not need replacement. […]

Blood Donation

The standard time interval between blood donations is 8 weeks. However, most healthy persons can donate one unit every 5-7 days for limited periods of time (1-2 months), assisted by oral iron supplements. Since the use of blood transfusion has increased dramatically over the years, maintenance of adequate donor sources has been a constant problem. […]

Whole Blood

Useful life. Whole blood is collected in a citrate anticoagulant-preservative solution. The original acid-citrate-dextrose (ACD) formulation was replaced by citrate-phosphate-dextrose (CPD), which has a storage limit of 21 days when refrigerated between 1°C and 6°C. Addition of adenine (CPDA-1) increased the shelf-life to 35 days. More recently, other nutrient-additive solutions (e.g., AS-1, Adsol) have extended […]