Articles on Medical Diseases and Conditions

Entries Tagged ‘Antigen detection’

Herpes Simplex (HSV)

HSV infection is characterized by a primary infection, often asymptomatic, after which the virus remains dormant in the dorsal root ganglia of peripheral nerves interrupted in some patients by one or more episodes of recurrent disease. Primary infection usually requires a person without preexisting HSV antibody. However, a person can have antibody against one strain […]

Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1 (HIV-1)

The HIVs are retroviruses; their genetic information (genome) is composed of RNA rather than the usual DNA. To reproduce, the virus uses an enzyme known as reverse transcriptase to produce a DNA copy of its genetic RNA and incorporates this material into the host cell genetic material. Some of the copied viral genome also exists […]

Diagnosis of Viral Diseases

Culture. Until the 1980s, except in a relatively few cases the only available laboratory methods were culture and serologic tests for antibodies. There have been significant advances in culture techniques in the past few years, but most virus culture still is difficult and expensive. Culture is performed using living cell preparations or in living tissues. […]